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How to Replace Thermostat 98-12 Ford Ranger 40L

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How to Replace Thermostat 98-12 Ford Ranger 40L

Created on: 2016-09-28

If the thermostat is cracked or clogged and needs to be replaced, this video will show the steps needed to replace it yourself

  1. step 1 :Draining the Coolant
    • Remove the radiator cap by turning counterclockwise
    • Remove the four 10mm bolts securing the cover underneath the radiator
    • Pull the cover down
    • Have a drain pan ready
    • Open up the plug with a 19mm wrench
    • Let the radiator drain
    • Hand-tighten the plug
  2. step 2 :Removing the Intake Tube
    • Remove the Phillips head screws from the throttle body cover
    • Remove the 7mm bolt from the throttle body cover
    • Loosen the two clamps on the intake hose
    • Loosen the clasps on the intake box
    • Remove the intake tube and box
  3. step 3 :Removing the Upper Radiator Hose
    • Remove the 13mm alternator bolt
    • Move the wiring harness
    • Have a drain pan ready
    • Compress and slide the hose clamp nearest the radiator back
    • Twist off the radiator hose off of the radiator
    • Let the hose drain
    • Compress and slide the second hose clamp back
    • Remove the radiator hose from the water pump
  4. step 4 :Removing the Thermostat
    • Remove the three 8mm bolts from the thermostat cover
    • Remove the cover
    • Remove the thermostat
  5. step 5 :Installing the Thermostat
    • Insert the thermostat into place
    • Press on the cover
    • Tighten the three 8mm bolts to the cover
  6. step 6 :Installing the Upper Radiator Hose
    • Tighten the 13mm bolt to the wiring harness bracket on the alternator
    • Connect the radiator hose to the water pump
    • Tighten the clamp to the hose
    • Connect the radiator hose to the radiator
    • Tighten the clamp to the hose
  7. step 7 :Reinstalling the Intake Tube
    • Insert the intake tube and air box cover into place
    • Tighten the hose clamps with a flat blade screwdriver
    • Reconnect the breather hose
    • Reconnect the MAF sensor
    • Insert the cover into place
    • Tighten the Phillips screw to the cover
    • Tighten the 7mm bolt to the cover
    • Insert the lower cover into place
    • Tighten the 10mm bolts to the cover
  8. step 8 :Bleeding the System
    • Fill the radiator with the appropriate mixture
    • Leave the radiator cap off
    • Leave the funnel in the radiator
    • Place a drain pan beneath the radiator
    • Put the fan on the lowest setting
    • Put the heat on the highest setting
    • Run the vehicle
    • Watch the air bubbles
    • Refill coolant as needed while the vehicle is running
    • Let the coolant reach operating temperature
    • Wait for the coolant level to stop dropping
    • Check for heat to come out of the vents
    • Turn the vehicle off
    • Reinstall the radiator cap
    • Top off the overflow bottle if necessary
    • Test drive the vehicle and monitor the coolant levels

Tools needed for replacement

  • General Tools

    Funnel

    Drain Pan

  • Materials, Fluids, and Supplies

    Anti-Freeze

  • Pliers, Cutters & misc Wrenches

    Needle nose pliers

  • Ratchets & Related

    Socket Extensions

    Ratchet

    Swivel

  • Screwdrivers & Related

    Flat Blade Screwdriver

    Phillips Head Screwdriver

  • Sockets - Metric

    13mm Socket

    7mm Socket

  • Wrenches - Metric

    19mm Wrench

Installation Video
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Hi, I'm Mike from 1A Auto. I hope this how-to video helps you out, and next time you need parts for your vehicle, think of 1AAuto.com. Thanks!

In this video we're going to be working with our 2001 Ford Ranger 4.0-liter V6. We're going to show you how to remove and replace your thermostat, which we recommend you change any time the engine overheats or any time you lower the coolant level in the system because it's right up top, easy to change and crucial to the management of your engine coolant temperature and circulation of that coolant.

If you like this video, please click "subscribe." We have a ton more information on this truck as well as many other makes and models, and if you ever need parts for your vehicle, think of 1AAuto.com. You can follow the link down in the description.

Here are the items you'll need for this repair: 7-13mm sockets, ratchet, socket extensions, u-joints, drain bucket, 19mm wrench, Phillips screwdriver, flat blade screwdriver, needle nose pliers, coolant, and funnel.

Remove the radiator cap at the top of the radiator on the driver's side. Simply push down and turn counterclockwise. Remove the four 10mm bolts securing this plastic cover underneath the radiator. We're going to use a socket, ratchet and a long extension for this. We put our vehicle on the lift to make it easier to show you, but you should be able to do this job with the vehicle on the ground.

You may need a flat blade screwdriver to remove the plastic push-pins securing it in, but usually you can just grab both sides and pull down. Set up a drain bucket underneath your drain plug, which is located on the passenger side of the radiator at the bottom. We'll open up the petcock with a 19mm wrench. Don't open the drain plug all the way, as coolant will come out the end where the plug sits in. We'll crack it loose until it starts draining and wait for the radiator to be completely empty.

Reinstall the petcock by hand. Just wipe that little bit of drip off the bottom there. Remove our drain bucket. If you're doing this on the ground or on jack stands, you may want to leave the drain bucket under there to catch any excess coolant that comes out of the system. We're going to place our low level drain bucket underneath the truck while we finish the repairs.

We're going to remove this cover over the throttle body. Use a small Phillip's head screwdriver to remove these two screws, and a seven millimeter socket and ratchet for the bolt in the back. Remove the cover from the intake.

We're going to use a flat blade screwdriver to loosen these two screw type clamps on our intake tube. We'll then wiggle the tube off of the MAF sensor on the throttle body and remove it from the vehicle. You'll also have to remove this breather line from the back, so we'll remove the intake tube from the throttle body and the MAF, pull it straight off the breather, and remove it from the vehicle.

Remove the top alternator bolt with a 13 millimeter socket and ratchet. You may need an extension to get a little more room. There's no need to disconnect the battery here because we're only doing this so we can move the wiring harness a little out of the way. I'll remove the bracket. We have a little more slack to get the harness out of the way of our thermostat.

Our upper radiator hose which runs from the radiator at the top on the passenger side, up and around to our thermostat housing under the throttle body, can be removed with a pair of needle nose pliers. We'll remove this clamp, we'll take the hose off of our thermostat so we can remove the cover. Squeeze the spring clamp together with the pliers and once the tension's off, you can remove it from the end of the hose. Once the clamp is off, you can remove the hose. Take that clamp out of the way while you're there.

We're going to use an 8 millimeter socket ratchet extension and a U-joint. We may have to use a wrench to get to these three 8 millimeter bolts on the thermostat cover. Once the bolts are out and with the thermostat housing cover loose, remove it from the vehicle. We'll reach down, pop out the thermostat and remove that as well.

Take your new thermostat, and install the gasket over the top. Install the thermostat into the opening, and reinstall the cover. You can see that this is uneven so it's only going to go on one way. You're going to want it to face out the passenger side. You're going to have to move the wiring harness a little bit to get it into place and over the studs. Press it down and reinstall your hardware. You use that same 8 millimeter socket, ratchet and universal joint along with an extension to tighten down those 8 millimeter bolts.

Reinstall the bracket for the harness at the top of the alternator and the 13 millimeter bolt. Tighten that down with a socket and ratchet.

I like to replace those spring style clamps with these screw on band clamps, because these we can always make tighter as time goes on; where the spring steel one's tend to wear out over time, and they can leak or they can break, plus they're a lot more difficult to remove and install, especially in tight places.

We're going to change ours out with a band clamps and tighten them down with a screwdriver. If you're reusing your spring style ones, you would just install them with pliers by compressing them and sliding them over in the opposite fashion than we removed them. See, this can be easily accessed with a screwdriver, with the spring style we have to try to fight a pair of pliers underneath while keeping it compressed. I feel like it's a lot to have going on, and, again, if this ever starts leaking, we can just reach in here with a screwdriver, nice and easy, and tighten it up.

Reinstall the breather line in both ends of the intake tube to the throttle body and the air box. Tighten down the clamps with a flat blade screwdriver.

Reinstall the engine cover. We’ll tighten down the front two screws with the Phillips head screwdriver and the rear with the 7 millimeter socket. Reinstall the bottom cover. Remember it has the plastic clips to help you line it up. Then install the four 10 millimeter bolts with the socket, ratchet, and extension. There are two on each side.

Any time this coolant level has been dropped, you'll have to bleed the system the way you see here. We're going to refill it with a 50/50 mix of the coolant designated for our truck, as well as distilled water to get the proper mixture. We'll then fill the radiator through this funnel back up to the top level, run our vehicle up to temperature with the fan on the lowest setting and the highest heat we have to make sure that that air, if built up in the heater core, circulates through fully and removes any air pockets from our system before we test drive it and confirm our repair.

Make sure the petcock on your radiator is closed if you opened it to drain the system and always use a funnel and a drain bucket to prevent any spills when filling the system. After filling the radiator completely, start the vehicle with the radiator cap off and a drain bucket underneath. Set your fan for the heat to the lowest speed and the heat to the highest setting blowing out of the vents so we can monitor the temperature coming out of the heater core. While the vehicle is running, you'll notice air bubbles coming out of that filler neck. Be sure to keep an eye on that and keep the level up top throughout this process. You can see here that our vehicle needs more coolant.

This means that our vehicle has probably gotten up to temp and that thermostat is open allowing the air inside of the block to be pushed out by the coolant in the rest of the cooling system. With a quick check inside the vehicle we can see that our coolant temp gauge on our dash has gotten up to the normal operating temperature, so we know our thermostat is open and allowed the coolant to circulate into the block, pushing that air out. Now we just need to wait for the level to stop dropping so we know our coolant is full and check that we have proper operation of the heat to be sure that the heater core has had all those air bubbles pushed out as well.

Now that we have heat coming out of our vents, the bubbling has stopped and our radiator has maintained its level for a little while now. We’ll shut the vehicle off, and remove our funnel. Level stayed right up top. We'll reinstall our cap. The level in our radiator overflow tank, which is located here, hasn't changed so there's no need to touch that, but you can top it off if necessary. Now we'll wash down any spilled coolant off of our engine and test drive our vehicle. Always be sure to monitor your cooling temperatures any time you have to bleed the system on the initial test drive to be sure the vehicle doesn't overheat.

Thanks for tuning in. We hope this video helped you out. Next time you need parts for your car, please visit 1AAuto.com. Also check out our other helpful how-to and diagnosis videos.

Tools needed for replacement:

    General Tools

  • Funnel
  • Drain Pan

  • Materials, Fluids, and Supplies

  • Anti-Freeze

  • Pliers, Cutters & misc Wrenches

  • Needle nose pliers

  • Ratchets & Related

  • Socket Extensions
  • Ratchet
  • Swivel

  • Screwdrivers & Related

  • Flat Blade Screwdriver
  • Phillips Head Screwdriver

  • Sockets - Metric

  • 13mm Socket
  • 7mm Socket

  • Wrenches - Metric

  • 19mm Wrench


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