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How To Replace Fuel Injectors 01-07 Ford Escape 20L

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How To Replace Fuel Injectors 01-07 Ford Escape 20L

Created on: 2015-01-07

This video will show how to disconnect the fuel pump and fuel lines and remove the fuel rail to access and remove, inspect, and replace the fuel injectors

  1. step 1 :Disconnecting the Fuel Pump Fuse
    • Start your vehicle
    • Pull out the fuel pump fuse
    • Let the engine die
  2. step 2 :Removing the Air Intake
    • Loosen the hose clamp on the air intake hose
    • Pull off the air intake hose
    • Remove the vacuum hose from the air intake
    • Disconnect the mass flow sensor harness
    • Flip up the two tabs on the air box
    • Remove the air intake
  3. step 3 :Disconnecting the Fuel Line
    • Disconnect the fuel injector harnesses
    • Remove the two 8mm bolts from the fuel line
    • Disconnect the fuel line from the hose
  4. step 4 :Removing the Throttle Body
    • Remove the four T27 bolts from the throttle body
    • Pull up the throttle body
    • Disconnect the sensor harness from the throttle body
    • Move the throttle body to the side
  5. step 5 :Removing the Fuel Rail
    • Remove the two 8mm bolts from the fuel rail
    • Pry out on the fuel rail
    • Disconnect the vacuum hose from the fuel rail
  6. step 6 :Removing the Injector
    • Pry on the injector clip with a flat blade screwdriver
    • Pull down the injector
    • Remove the clip from the injector
    • Carefully remove the O-ring from the injector
  7. step 7 :Testing the Injectors
    • Hook a wire to the battery with battery cables
    • Insert the wire with a lead into the injector
    • Insert a second wire, attached to a switch, with a lead into the other side of the injector
    • Press the switch to test the injector and see if it clicks
    • Place a 5/16 fuel injection hose on the end of a syringe
    • Insert starting fluid into the syringe
    • Insert the fuel injector to the open end of the hose
    • Press the starting fluid into the fuel injector to add simulated pressure with the switch
    • Observe the strength of injection from the injector
    • Hold the syring back to release pressure
    • Remove the hose and wires from the injector
    • Repeat the process for all four injectors
  8. step 8 :Reinstalling the Injectors
    • Press the O-ring onto the injector
    • Spread a layer of motor oil around the O-ring
    • Press the clip into the injector
    • Push the injector onto the fuel rail
  9. step 9 :Reinstalling the Fuel Line
    • Connect the vacuum hose to the fuel line
    • Carefully insert the fuel rail into place
    • Tighten the two 8mm bolts to the fuel rail
  10. step 10 :Connecting the Fuel Lines
    • Connect the fuel injector harnesses
    • Push on the O-ring onto the fuel line
    • Coat the O-ring with motor oil
    • Insert the fuel line in place
    • Tighten the two 8mm bolts to the fuel line
  11. step 11 :Reinstalling the Throttle Body
    • Connect the throttle body harness
    • Insert the throttle body into place
    • Tighten the four T27 screws to the throttle body
  12. step 12 :Reinstalling the Air Intake
    • Insert the air intake hose to into place
    • Clip the air intake box
    • Connect the vacuum hose
    • Tighten the air intake hose clamp
    • Connect the mass flow sensor
  13. step 13 :Reconnecting the Fuel Pump Fuse
    • Connect the fuel pump fuse

Tools needed for replacement

  • Materials, Fluids, and Supplies

    Wire or String

    Electrical Switch

    Syringe

    Rubber Vacuum Hose

    Carburetor Cleaner

  • Ratchets & Related

    Ratchet

  • Screwdrivers & Related

    Flat Blade Screwdriver

  • Sockets - Metric

    8mm Socket

  • Star Drivers & Sockets

    T27 Torx Driver

  • Wrenches - Metric

    8mm Wrench

Installation Video
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Brought to you by 1AAuto.com, your source for quality replacement parts and the best service on the Internet.

Hi, I'm Mike from 1A Auto. I hope this how-to video helps you out, and next time you need parts for your vehicle, think of 1AAuto.com. Thanks!

In this video, we're going to show you how to replace, as well as clean, the fuel injectors on this 2002 Ford Escape with the 2-liter 4-cylinder engine. The items you'll need for this are a flat blade screwdriver, 8mm socket and ratchet, 8mm wrench, T27 Torx bit or driver, and if you're cleaning the fuel injectors you're going to need a large syringe, fuel injection hose, some wire, a switch, and carburetor cleaner.

We can't start our car, but what you want to do right now is start your car, pull out the fuel pump fuse, and then let the engine die. That relieves the pressure on the fuel line. Now loosen up this hose clamp and then pull the air intake hose free. Pull the small hose off and then push the tab on this harness and disconnect it. Flip these two tabs up and then pull this hose free. Now push the tabs on the harnesses going to your fuel injectors and disconnect them. There are four in total. We'll fast-forward as Mike does the other three. For this one it helps to use some pliers. Then remove these two 8mm bolts. We'll fast-forward as Mike does that with an 8mm wrench.

Now, when you pull this hose apart, you are going to have some fuel leaking out. Ours actually comes out under pressure because we were not able to run the engine and relieve the pressure. You will have plenty of fuel that comes out. Then you want to remove these four T27 bolts holding your throttle body on. We'll fast-forward as Mike removes those. Pull your throttle body free, and then you push the tab on this harness and disconnect it. Then set the throttle body off to the side.

There's two 8mm bolts holding the fuel rail in place. Go ahead and remove those. Carefully pry out on the fuel rail, and this will pull your fuel injectors out. You can pull the fuel rail up and disconnect this vacuum line. You want to remove the injector from the fuel rail. Just move it around a little bit. I'm applying some pressure down while I pry out on this clip here. Now I'm going to apply some pressure to the side, pry out on this clip, and pull out and keep the clips from coming back.

Take the clip off. Our O-ring came off when we pulled it off, but you want to either remove it with your fingers, or a little bent tip awl. Be very careful not to damage the O-ring. Get the awl in underneath and pull it off.

Now I have a little test rig, as well as a cleaning rig. These are just leads with little ends on them that plug into the injector. I have a pair of battery cables holding the wire to the battery here, just a simple way to connect it, make sure that's secure. I'm going to hook one lead on to one side of the injector, it doesn't really matter which side or anything, then another lead onto the other side of the injector. I have a switch here, and first we can test the injector. I'm going to push the switch down; you should hear the injector click.

Now I'm going to take my cleaning rig, which is just a syringe with a piece of 5/16 fuel injection hose on it, and put the hose on nice and secure. I've already got some fluid in there. I'm going to take the hose and put it onto the injector. You want to make sure this fits nice and tight on here. Put it into my bottle and I'm going to put quite a bit of pressure on it. You're not going to really duplicate the pressure that the fuel pump puts on it, but put pressure on it. You can see it's just coming out in two little lines. You really want it to spread more than that. In the fluid I'm using starting fluid; either starting fluid or brake cleaner is a good cleaner. We can see if this is good.

We've run some fluid through it, just hope that it will work. Pull the syringe back some to relieve some pressure. Take off, remove the wires, and then put the O-ring back on. Right here I have a cap with a little bit of motor oil on it. Take the motor oil; put it around the ring of the O-ring.

Looking at my fuel rail and actually these clips only go on one way. Put the clip on and then I want my connection facing that way. Once you have the oil on there and it's all clean usually they press in pretty easily. Now repeat that for all four. Reinstall the fuel rail. We've put a little bit of oil on each one of the injectors on the O-rings. We're going to put it down in place being careful not to hit the injectors against anything. We're going to reconnect the vacuum line here and then carefully watch it as it goes down into the holes. Push it in. We'll fast-forward as Mike replaces those two 8mm bolts in the fuel rail and then tightens them up.

Reconnect the harnesses to each of the fuel injectors making sure they click down all the way into place. Blue O-ring, fish it out of the fuel rail if it didn't come out with the hose. Reinstall it; just a little bit of motor oil out around the edge. Now push the fuel line into the rail. Once you have it in replace those two bolts and tighten them up.

Now reconnect the harness to your throttle body and then lower the throttle body back down into place. Replace those four screws and tighten them back up.

Feed your air intake hose back down. Reconnect the harness to your mass airflow sensor. Put the air intake box back together and re-clip it. Reconnect the smaller hose and then push this back down onto the throttle body and tighten up that hose clamp. Then replace your fuel pump fuse and you're all set.

We hope this video helps you out. Brought to you by www.1AAuto.com, your source for quality replacement parts and the best service on the Internet. Please feel free to call us toll-free, 888-844-3393. We're the company that's here for you on the Internet and in person.

Tools needed for replacement:

    Materials, Fluids, and Supplies

  • Wire or String
  • Electrical Switch
  • Syringe
  • Rubber Vacuum Hose
  • Carburetor Cleaner

  • Ratchets & Related

  • Ratchet

  • Screwdrivers & Related

  • Flat Blade Screwdriver

  • Sockets - Metric

  • 8mm Socket

  • Star Drivers & Sockets

  • T27 Torx Driver

  • Wrenches - Metric

  • 8mm Wrench


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